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Local governments at present are institutions created by the military governments but recognised by the constitution and they are the third tiers of government in Nigeria. They help the public connect with news, event and people in Ibadan and Oyo State as a whole. Archived from the original PDF on March 5, Of particular interest is the source of the copper and lead used to make the bronzes, which may have been Tadmekka in the Sahara, and of the coloured glass beads, some of which may have come from Venice and India , the latter via trade routes through Egypt, the Nile valley, and the Chad basin. There is abundance of clay , kaolin and aquamarine in the city environs, and there are several cattle ranches , a dairy farm as well as a commercial abattoir in Ibadan.
Retrieved 15 July The selection of the monarch, the coronation rites, and other bases of royal authority were dictated by pre-Islamic beliefs. Jos north is the state capital and the area where most commercial activities of the state takes place, although due to the recent communal clashes a lot of commercial activities are shifting to Jos south. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
Ibadan is located in south-western Nigeria in the southeastern part of Oyo State at about kilometres 74 miles northeast of Lagos and kilometres 75 miles east of the Nigerian international border with the Republic of Benin. These are the clubs you get the nightlife, unwind moments, ladies nites, dancing, sashaying, strippers, splurging on drinks and more. By the 17th century it had built up a cavalry force with which it dominated people in western Yorubaland and in the dry gap to the coast; to the south, infestations of tsetse flies prevented kingdoms there from effectively utilizing horses. Please try again later. Archived from the original on 21 June The city has two zoological gardensone located within the University of Ibadan and another at Agodi Gardens which also contains a botanical gardenswimming pool and leisure spots. The city is a major terminus railway station on the main railway line linking Lagos with Kano in the North of the country. The first pupils to attend an elementary school in Ibadan were Yejide Olunloyo female and Akinyele Olunloyo male — the two children of an Ibadan high chief. Also at Dugbe is the Cocoa House Nigeria 's first skyscraper. It has unfortunately been left to fall to ruin as is the case with most of the cultural establishments in Nigeria. Internet URLs are the best. Archived from the original on Next to the Olubadan's palace is the gigantic mosque where the Chief Imam holds his Friday jumu'ah service sermons. Covering roughly 3 square miles 7. The city is served by Yakubu Gowon Airportbut its rail connections no longer operate as the only currently operational section of Nigeria's rail network is the western line from Lagos to Kano. Jos south is the seat of the Deputy Governor i. Retrieved 15 July The hotels also ranging in class and styles and according to budgets. There is also large baptist presence with the First Baptist Church located at idikan Street. His The Interpreters weaves…. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ibadan. Contact our editors with your feedback. Its central location and accessibility from the capital city of Lagos were major considerations in the choice of Ibadan as the headquarters of the Western Provinces which ranged from the northernmost areas of Oyo State ilorin dating site EkeremorBomadi and Patani, ilorin dating site, which were regions transferred from the old Delta province in the Old Western region and later Mid-west to the old Rivers state and later Bayelsa, in the redistricting of Nigeria carried out by the Yakubu Gowon administration shortly before the Nigerian civil war. Ogunpa Rivera third-order stream with a channel length of Other attractions include Mapo Hall  — the colonial style city hall — perched on top of a hill, "Oke Mapo," Mapo Hill "oke" is hill in Yorubathe Trans-Wonderland amusement parkthe cultural centre Mokola and the Obafemi Awolowo Stadium formerly Liberty Stadium.
Evidence of human occupation in Nigeria dates back thousands of years. The oldest fossil remains found by archaeologists in the southwestern area of Iwo Eleru, near Akurehave been dated to about bce.
There are isolated collections of ancient tools and artifacts of different periods of the Stone Agebut the oldest recognizable evidence of an organized society belongs to the Nok culture c, ilorin dating site. Named for the village of Nok, site of some of the finds, the ancient culture produced fine terra-cotta figurines, which were accidentally discovered by tin miners on the Jos Plateau in the s.
Its people raised crops and cattle and seem to have paid particular attention to personal adornment, especially of the hair. Distinctive features of Nok art include naturalism, stylized treatment of the mouth and eyes, relative proportions of the human head, body, and feet, distortions of the human facial features, and treatment of animal forms. The spread of Nok-type figures in a wide area south of the Jos Plateaucovering southern Kaduna state southeastward to Katsina Ala, south of the Benue Riversuggests a well-established culture that left traces still identifiable in the lives of the peoples of the area today.
Many of the distinctive features of Nok art can also be traced in later developments of Nigerian art produced in such places as Igbo Ukwu, IfeEsie, and Benin City. See also African art. They reveal not only a high artistic tradition but also a well-structured society with wide-ranging economic relationships. Of particular interest is the source of the copper and lead used to make the bronzes, which may have been Tadmekka in the Sahara, and of the coloured glass beads, some of which may have come from Venice and Indiathe latter via trade routes through Egypt, the Nile valley, and the Chad basin.
It is believed that the bronzes were part of the furniture in the burial chamber of a high personage, possibly a forerunner of the eze nria priest-king, who held religious but not political power over large parts of the Igbo -inhabited region well into the 20th century.
Many indigenous polities emerged in Nigeria before the British took control in the late 19th century. Smaller kingdoms included those of the IgalaNupeand Ebira. The history ilorin dating site Borno antedates the 9th century, when Arabic writers in North Africa first noted the kingdom of Kanemeast of Lake Chad.
The lake was then much larger than the present-day body of water, and its basin attracted settlements and encouraged ilorin dating site. A pastoral group, ancestors of the Kanuriestablished a centralized state over those referred to collectively as the Sao. Initially, trading links extended to the Nile valley of Egypt. There is some evidence that Kanem had made contact with the Christian kingdoms of Nubia before it was overrun by Muslims, who gained a foothold in the ruling family of Kanem in the 11th century.
From Kanem the rulers tried to dominate the areas south and west of the lake as well. By the 12th century they had been compelled by attacks from the Sao to move their capital to the region west of Lake Chad, and they gradually lost control of most of the original Kanem.
For a long time, Borno was the dominant power in the central Sudanincluding much of Hausaland. The Bayajidda legendconcerning a mythical Middle Eastern ancestor of the Hausa, seems to suggest that the rise of a centralized political system in Hausaland was influenced from Borno.
Though the rulers of Borno embraced Islamthe structure of the monarchy remained traditional, with the queen mother and other female officials exercising considerable power. The selection of the monarch, the coronation rites, and other bases of royal authority were dictated by pre-Islamic beliefs. The princes and other members of the royal family were granted fiefs and posted away from the capital to govern frontier zones, while people of slave origin were preferred for the royal guard and palace officials.
For centuries the Hausa have occupied the northern plains beyond the Jos Plateau, which were a crossroads open not only to Borno but also to the states of Mali and Songhai in the western Sudan, the trans-Saharan routes to northern Africa, and various trade routes to the forest areas of BorguOyo, and Benin.
Perhaps because of this strategic location, the Hausa developed a number of centralized states—such as DauraKatsina, Kano, Zaria, Gobir, and, later, Kebbi—each with a walled city, a market centre, and a monarchical system of government. Islam, which was introduced from the Mali empire in the 14th century, strengthened both the monarchical system and the commercial contacts, but it remained predominantly an urban religion until the beginning of the 19th century.
Even within the walled cities, however, some pre-Islamic rites remained part of the ceremonies that sustained monarchical authority. A considerable rivalry existed between the different states over agricultural land and the control of trade and trade routes, and Hausaland was periodically conquered by powerful neighbours such as Borno and Songhai.
Ife, which flourished between the 11th and 15th centuries, emerged as a major power in the forested areas west of the Niger and south of Hausaland. Some of the characteristic features of Yoruba culture emerged during that time: Ife is best known for its potsherd pavements and for the great artistry of its terra-cottas and bronzes, especially the naturalism of many of its bronze figures.
Oyofounded in the 14th century and located in the savanna to the north of the forest, gradually supplanted the older kingdom of Ife. After more than a century of struggle with nearby Borgu and Nupe, it established itself strategically as the emporium for exchanging goods from the north—rock salt, copper, ilorin dating site, textiles, leather goods, and horses—with products from the south—kola nuts, indigo, parrots, and cowries.
By the 17th century it had built up a cavalry force with which it dominated people in western Yorubaland and in the dry gap to the coast; to the south, infestations of tsetse flies prevented kingdoms there from effectively utilizing horses. When the Portuguese arrived in the kingdom of Benin in the 15th century, they found a monarchy, dating back many centuries, with a complex structure of chiefs and palace officials presiding over a kingdom that was expanding in all directions.
In time, Benin dominated not only the Edo-speaking peoples to the north and south but also the area eastward to the Niger and, along the coast, to Lagos which the Edo now claim to have founded and even into present-day Ghana. It also exerted considerable influence on eastern Yorubaland and maintained trading connections with Oyo. Benin art, which began to flourish in the 15th century, was characterized by naturalistic bronze sculptures and bronze door panels that covered the outside of the royal palace.
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Our editors will review what you've submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we'll add it to the article. Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed. History Early Nigerian cultures The Nok culture Evidence of human occupation in Nigeria dates back thousands of years. Previous page Cultural institutions. Page 9 of Next page Igboland and the delta city-states.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles: The northern and southern parts of Nigeria can be considered part of the western Sudan and Guinea Coast, respectively; but, because of the wealth of evidence for an artistic tradition of some 2, years, it is convenient to consider Nigeria separately.
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Ibadan ilorin dating site located in south-western Nigeria in the southeastern part of Oyo State at about kilometres 74 miles northeast of Lagos and kilometres 75 miles east of the Nigerian international border with the Republic of Benin. The south west regional office of the Central Bank of Nigeria is at Dugbe. Established as a college of the University of London inand later converted into an autonomous university init has the distinction of being one of the premier educational institutions in Africa. In Januarythere were almost daily clashes between Christian and Muslim mobs in villages around Jos; a series of bombs had been detonated during Christmas Eve celebrations a month earlier, killing scores of people. It also exerted considerable influence on eastern Yorubaland and maintained trading connections with Oyo. The Jos- Bukuru dam and reservoir on the Shen River provide water for the city's industries. Archived from the original on 21 June UntilIbadan was the largest city in Sub-Saharan Africa by surface. In in Nigeriafor instance, only 33 of the 8, primary schools, ilorin dating site, 9 of the secondary schools, and 13 of the 97 normal schools were government-run. The first pupils to attend an elementary school in Ibadan were Yejide Olunloyo female and Akinyele Olunloyo male — the two children of an Ibadan high chief. The newly enthroned Olubadan made a friendly gesture to the Olowu of Owu by allowing Olowu to marry his only daughter, Nkan. See also African art. Archived from the original on Largest cities in Nigeria. The oldest fossil remains found by archaeologists in the southwestern area of Iwo Eleru, near Akurehave been dated to about bce. The city is served by Yakubu Gowon Airportbut its rail connections no longer operate as the only currently operational section of Nigeria's rail network is the western line from Lagos to Kano. Retrieved 22 November During British colonial ruleJos was an important centre for tin mining and now it has become the trading hub in the state as commercial activities are steadily on the rise. The stadium has undergone major renovations under the administration of the current governor Barr Simon Bako Lalong. There is abundance of claykaolin and aquamarine in the city environs, and there are several cattle ranchesa dairy farm as well as a commercial abattoir in Ibadan. The Jos Museum is also located beside the zoo. This page was last edited on 7 Augustat Views Read Edit View history. The Bayajidda legendconcerning a mythical Middle Eastern ancestor of the Hausa, seems to suggest that the rise of a centralized political system in Hausaland was influenced from Borno. They decided to build the mission and a church in Ibadan when they arrived in It was made capital of Benue-Plateau State inand became the capital of the new Plateau State in Internet URLs are the best. For centuries the Hausa have occupied the northern plains beyond the Jos Plateau, which were a crossroads open not only to Borno but also to the states of Mali and Songhai in the western Sudan, the trans-Saharan routes to northern Africa, and various trade routes to the forest areas of BorguOyo, and Benin.